New York State Anti-Hate Crime Resource Guide

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Combating Hate Crimes

Definition of a Hate Crime

A person commits a hate crime when he or she commits a “specified offense” motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, color, national origin, ancestry, gender, religion, religious practice, age, disability, or sexual orientation, regardless of whether the belief or perception is correct. 

Hate Crime Reporting by Law Enforcement and Statistics

Per New York State Executive Law § 837(4)(c), the Division of Criminal Justice Services is required to collectand analyze statistical and all other information and data with respect to hate crimes reported by law enforcement through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program. DCJS produces an annual report which details hate crime incidents that law enforcement agencies have reported to DCJS, including data on the number of incidents and type of bias reported. DCJS also submits the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for its collection and publication.

Annual Hate Crime Report

Hate crime incidents by reporting agency can be found at the Division of Criminal Justice Services website.

Direct Services for Hate Crime Victims
Direct Services for Hate Crime Victims

New York is taking several actions to protect civil rights and combat hate crimes, including the creation of a State Police unit to investigate reports of hate crimes, an expansion of the state’s human rights law to protect all students, and the establishment of a new emergency legal defense fund for immigrants.

New Yorkers who have experienced bias or discrimination are encouraged to call DHR's toll-free hotline at (888) 392-3644 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday - Friday. If you want to report a crime or fear for your safety, call 911 immediately.

If you have been the victim of a crime, you may contact the New York State Office of Victim Services, which funds 223 programs statewide, providing direct services, such as crisis intervention and counseling, to victims of crime, including hate crimes. Those programs also can help crime victims apply for compensation and other assistance from the agency, including but not limited to: medical and funeral expenses, loss of earnings or support, counseling costs, crime scene clean-up expenses, the cost to repair or replace items of essential personal property, reasonable and necessary court transportation expenses, assistance to crime victims acting as a good Samaritan, the cost of residing at or utilizing the services of a domestic violence shelter, and limited attorney fees. 

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Fair Housing and Tenant Protection
Fair Housing and Tenant Protection

Housing Discrimination

Federal, New York State and local laws make it illegal to discriminate against individuals in a housing context based upon race, color, religion, sex, familial status, national origin, disability, creed, age, sexual orientation, marital status or military status, among others.  These protections apply regardless of an individual’s immigration status. If you believe you have been a victim of housing discrimination and would like to file a complaint, you can contact the New York State Division of Human Rights by telephone at (888) 392-3644.  For further information, visit the New York State Division of Human Rights home page and the New York State Division of Human Rights Fair Housing Guide.    


For further information on fair housing laws, visit the New York State Homes & Community Renewal Fair and Equitable Housing Office website, or contact by telephone at (518) 473-3089 or by email at


Tenant Harassment

New York State law and some local laws prohibit the harassment of a tenant by a landlord and/or the landlord’s agent, no matter the tenant’s immigration status.  If you live in a rent-regulated unit and believe you have been a victim of tenant harassment, or are unsure whether you live in a rent-regulated unit, you can contact NYS Homes & Community Renewal Tenant Protection Unit by telephone at (718) 739-6400 or by email at  For further information, visit the Tenant Protection Unit website.  If you do not live in a rent-regulated unit and believe you have been a victim of tenant harassment, you can contact your local legal services provider. 

Training for Police Officers
Training for Police Officers

Basic Course Training for Police Officers

Per General Municipal Law § 209-q, all persons seeking permanent appointment as a municipal police officer, including sheriff's deputies, must complete a Municipal Police Training Council (MPTC) approved Basic Course for Police Officers as a condition precedent to such appointment. Currently, regulation stipulates that an MPTC approved Basic Course must consist of a minimum standard of hours of instruction in specified areas including a minimum of 5 hours of cultural diversity and bias related incidents training.

Basic Course Training

Course in Police Supervision Training for Police Supervisors

Newly appointed first-line police supervisors of any rank are required to complete the Course in Police Supervision according to the Per General Municipal Law § 209-q. The curriculum provides a learning experience that assists the newly-appointed supervisor in making the transition from the rank-and-file to management. Through practical exercises, the trainees learn to successfully apply acquired skills to a wide range of realistic supervisory problems. Among the skills learned, newly appointed supervisors are taught how to supervise hate crime investigations ensuring they have a current understanding of the statutes on hate crime, and as well as an understanding of their agency’s protocol on the proper investigation of complaints alleging hate is part of the crime alleged.

Municipal Police Training Council’s Investigation of Hate Crimes Model Policy

The Municipal Police Training Council adopted an Investigation of Hate Crimes Model Policy, developed to provide law enforcement agencies with guidance to assist them in establishing their own policy and procedures for officers in identifying and investigating hate crimes and assisting victimized individuals and communities.