The towns of Staten Island officially consolidated into New York City in 1898, making it the fifth borough of the centralized NYC government.
Main Industries: CSX operates a class I short line freight rail service with a 38 acres (15 ha) intermodel on-dock rail facility on the southern end of Staten Island which connects to the National Rail System via the Arthur Kill Rail Bridge to New Jersey.
Artists and musicians have been moving to Staten Island's North Shore so they can be in close proximity to Manhattan but also have enough affordable space to live and work. The Staten Island Film Festival (SIFF) held its first four-day festival in 2006.
Land: The North Shore is the most urban part of the island; it contains the officially designated St. George Historic District and the St. Paul’s Avenue-Stapleton Heights Historic District, which feature large Victorian houses. The East Shore is home to the 2.5-mile F.D.R. Boardwalk, the fourth-longest in the world. The South Shore is mostly suburban in character. The West Shore is the least populated and most industrial part of the island.
Education: Staten Island colleges include, CUNY - the College of Staten Island, Wagner College and St. John's University has a Staten Island campus.
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